Fire doors are strategically placed in buildings to compartmentalise areas and slow down the spread of fire for a designated period (typically 30 or 60 minutes). When a fire door is left open, it allows fire, heat, and smoke to spread more rapidly throughout the building. Fire doors provide valuable time for occupants to evacuate safely – helping to save lives and protect property. However, this effectiveness heavily relies on the door being fully closed.
SMOKE AND TOXIC GASES
Smoke is one of the leading causes of deaths in fires. Fire doors with Smoke Seals are designed to block the passage of smoke and toxic gases, helping to create safe evacuation routes and protecting people from inhaling harmful fumes. Leaving a fire door open can compromise this protection, leading to increased exposure to smoke and toxins.
Fire doors are often equipped with self-closing devices, such as door closers or floor springs, to ensure they automatically close after being opened. It's crucial to maintain and regularly test these devices to ensure they are functioning as intended.
KICK THE WEDGE
Fire doors should never be propped open or obstructed in any way that prevents them from closing fully. It's essential to educate building occupants about the importance of shutting fire doors and the potential consequences of leaving them open with a wedge.
REGULAR INSPECTIONS, MAINTENANCE, AND TESTING
Should be carried out to ensure that fire doors are functioning correctly and closing fully. Any issues should be addressed promptly to maintain the overall fire safety of the building.
In summary, properly shutting a fire door is paramount to its effectiveness in preventing the spread of fire and smoke. By ensuring that fire doors are always securely closed, we can enhance the overall fire safety of buildings and protect lives and property.